One result

    • Collection number: 2020-06
    • Primary contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), Chundra Cathcart (researcher), I-Hsuan Chen (researcher), Emily Cibelli (researcher), Kristin Hanson (researcher), Shinae Kang (researcher), Lev Michael (researcher, donor), Eric Prendergast (researcher), Christine Sheil (researcher), Tammy Stark (researcher), Elise Stickles (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Dates: 2011-2012
    • Historical information: This collection consists of materials produced by students of the graduate-level field methods course in the Department of Linguistics at UC Berkeley between September 2011 and July 2012. The course was taught by Prof. Lev Michael, and the language consultant was Philip Tim Palacio. All other listed contributors were students in the course.
    • Scope and content: This collection is organized into three series: 001 consists of sound recordings of elicitation sessions conducted as a full class; 002 is sound recordings of those sessions in pairs; 003 is preliminary student reports on grammatical topics, final papers, and miscellaneous files such as proposals for a practical orthography for the course, FieldWorks Language Explorer (FLEx) databases, and a compiled bibliography. The first two series contain brief descriptions of the content of the recordings, extracted by Berkeley undergraduate student Ellis Miller from a metadata spreadsheet maintained by the students.
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: Philip Tim Palacio, Chundra Cathcart, I-Hsuan Chen, Emily Cibelli, Kristin Hanson, Shinae Kang, Lev Michael, Eric Prendergast, Christine Sheil, Tammy Stark, and Elise Stickles. Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna, 2020-06, Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2RX99FN.

1 - 25 of 114 results

    • Item number: 2020-06.001.008
    • Date: 19 Oct 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), Chundra Cathcart (researcher), Eric Prendergast (researcher), Tammy Stark (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 3 WAV, 3 TextGrid, and 3 TXT files.
      Elicitation of definiteness (tes_03).
      Elicitation of relative clauses (cac_01).
      Ongoing testing of tense and aspect with verbal paradigms, working through various affirmative and negative forms of single transitive and intransitive verbs, sometimes with discursive context introduced by a subordinate or coordinate clause (ehp_01).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Class elicitation session], 2020-06.001.008, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2BZ64DM.
    • Item number: 2020-06.001.006
    • Date: 05 Oct 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), I-Hsuan Chen (researcher), Eric Prendergast (researcher), Christine Sheil (researcher), Elise Stickles (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 5 WAV, 5 TextGrid, and 5 TXT files.
      Wh-questions and polar interrogatives (cms_01, cms_02).
      Garifuna negated sentences (ihc).
      Demonstrative pronouns and subordinate clause structures (ems_03).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Class elicitation session], 2020-06.001.006, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2MC8XC2.
    • Item number: 2020-06.001.004
    • Date: 21 Sep 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), I-Hsuan Chen (researcher), Eric Prendergast (researcher), Christine Sheil (researcher), Elise Stickles (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 7 WAV, 7 TextGrid, and 4 TXT files.
      Garifuna basic transitives, some intransitives, some attempts at past vs present (EMS_03).
      Questions (CMS_01).
      Garifuna negated sentences (ihc_01, ihc_02).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Class elicitation session], 2020-06.001.004, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2VX0DVS.
    • Item number: 2020-06.001.003
    • Date: 14 Sep 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), Chundra Cathcart (researcher), Emily Cibelli (researcher), Shinae Kang (researcher), Tammy Stark (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 5 WAV, 5 TextGrid, and 4 TXT files.
      Elicitation of phonological processes (cac_01, cac_02).
      Basic words and phrases (esc_01).
      Imperatives (sak_01).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Class elicitation session], 2020-06.001.003, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2CN7274.
    • Item number: 2020-06.001.012
    • Date: 23 Nov 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), I-Hsuan Chen (researcher), Christine Sheil (researcher), Elise Stickles (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 3 WAV, 3 TextGrid, and 3 TXT files.
      Playing around with verbal morphology: ha and wa (cms).
      Garifuna subordinate clauses - conditionals, counterfactuals (ems_03).
      Garifuna modal verbs (ihc).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Class elicitation session], 2020-06.001.012, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2TX3CPZ.
    • Item number: 2020-06.001.007
    • Date: 12 Oct 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), Chundra Cathcart (researcher), Emily Cibelli (researcher), Shinae Kang (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 3 WAV, 3 TextGrid, and 3 TXT files.
      Garifuna reflexives and reciprocals (esc_01).
      Imperative sentences in Garifuna (sak_01).
      Elicitation of relative clauses (cac).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Class elicitation session], 2020-06.001.007, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2GQ6W3H.
    • Item number: 2020-06.001.009
    • Date: 26 Oct 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), I-Hsuan Chen (researcher), Christine Sheil (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 2 WAV, 1 TextGrid, and 3 TXT files.
      'wa' and impersonal passives (cms).
      Garifuna comparatives (ihc).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Class elicitation session], 2020-06.001.009, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2765CP6.
    • Item number: 2020-06.001.013
    • Date: 30 Nov 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), Chundra Cathcart (researcher), Emily Cibelli (researcher), Shinae Kang (researcher), Christine Sheil (researcher), Tammy Stark (researcher), Elise Stickles (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 7 WAV, 5 TextGrid, and 7 TXT files.
      Garifuna narrative elicitation and some modal and conditional/counterfactuals (ems_01).
      Garifuna complementation (sak_01).
      Adding 'ha' and 'wa' to various verbs and inflections (cms).
      Elicitation of miscellaneous topics (cac).
      Wrapping up story text with some elicited sentences and phrases (esc_01).
      Story transcription (tes_01, tes_02).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Class elicitation session], 2020-06.001.013, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2Q52MZJ.
    • Item number: 2020-06.001.002
    • Date: 07 Sep 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), I-Hsuan Chen (researcher), Christine Sheil (researcher), Elise Stickles (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 10 WAV, 9 TextGrid, and 10 TXT files.
      Livescribe audio quality will be poorer, and breaks in files will be at unexpected points (as some correspond to pages in a notebook rather than a switch in elicitor).
      Garifuna words and negated sentences (IHC_01, IHC_02).
      Chatting (IHC_03).
      Garifuna color terms with a phonetics discussion (EMS_01).
      Very long chat about the vowel /ɨ/ in Garifuna (EMS_02).
      Basic Garifuna transitive clauses (EMS_03, EMS_04).
      Elicitation how-to chat (EMS_04).
      Greetings, kinship terms, questions (CMS_01).
      Questions, yes/no (CMS_02).
      Lexical items, possession (CMS_03).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Class elicitation session], 2020-06.001.002, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2HD7T0X.
    • Item number: 2020-06.001.005
    • Date: 28 Sep 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), Chundra Cathcart (researcher), Emily Cibelli (researcher), Shinae Kang (researcher), Tammy Stark (researcher), Elise Stickles (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 6 WAV, 7 TextGrid, and 6 TXT files.
      Elicitation of phonological processes (cac_01, cac_02).
      Garifuna reflexives and reciprocals (esc_01a, esc_01b).
      Imperatives in Garifuna (sak_01).
      Elicitation of adpositions (tes_03).
      Garifuna intransitives (unergatives vs other degrees of agency), some transitives, grammatical judgments (ems_03).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Class elicitation session], 2020-06.001.005, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2R49P3S.
    • Item number: 2020-06.001.001
    • Date: 31 Aug 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), Lev Michael (researcher), Eric Prendergast (researcher), Tammy Stark (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 6 WAV, 5 TextGrid, and 4 TXT files.
      Going over the narrative elicitation and partially transcribing the first 1:50 of it (ehp_01).
      Elicitation of adpositions (tes_01, tes_02, tes_03).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Class elicitation session], 2020-06.001.001, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2N58JQ7.
    • Item number: 2020-06.001.011
    • Date: 09 Nov 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), Chundra Cathcart (researcher), Eric Prendergast (researcher), Tammy Stark (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 4 WAV, 4 TextGrid, and 3 TXT files.
      Elicitation of causatives (cac_01, cac_02).
      Elicitation of nonverbal predicates (tes_03).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Class elicitation session], 2020-06.001.011, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2ZP44F4.
    • Item number: 2020-06.001.010
    • Date: 02 Nov 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), Emily Cibelli (researcher), Shinae Kang (researcher), Elise Stickles (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 3 WAV, 3 TextGrid, and 3 TXT files.
      Complementating in Garifuna (sak_01).
      Investigation of complement clauses in verbs which can take either NP/pronoun or CP complements (esc_01).
      Garifuna subordinate clauses - purposives, 'because'/resultatives, conditionals, counterfactuals (ems_03).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Class elicitation session], 2020-06.001.010, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X23F4MZG.
    • Item number: 2020-06.002.007
    • Date: 14 Sep 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), I-Hsuan Chen (researcher), Shinae Kang (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 4 WAV, 4 TextGrid, and 4 TXT files.
      Basic Garifuna words and sentences with negation (ihc_sak_01, ihc_sak_03).
      Imperatives in Garifuna (ihc_sak_02, ihc_sak_04).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Elicitation session in pair], 2020-06.002.007, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2GF0RT7.
    • Item number: 2020-06.002.008
    • Date: 14 Sep 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), Eric Prendergast (researcher), Tammy Stark (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 3 WAV, 3 TextGrid, and 3 TXT files.
      Animate plurals (ehp_01).
      Some verbs and locatives (ehp_02).
      Elicitation of Adpositions (tes_02).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Elicitation session in pair], 2020-06.002.008, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2BP014R.
    • Item number: 2020-06.002.006
    • Date: 14 Sep 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), Chundra Cathcart (researcher), Elise Stickles (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 4 WAV, 4 TextGrid, and 1 TXT file.
      Garifuna basic transitives and ditransitives (EMS_01).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Elicitation session in pair], 2020-06.002.006, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2M61HKD.
    • Item number: 2020-06.002.009
    • Date: 14 Sep 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), Emily Cibelli (researcher), Christine Sheil (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 8 WAV, 4 TextGrid, and 5 TXT files.
      Questions (ESC_CMS_01, ESC_CMS_03).
      Basic Garifuna words and phrases, e.g. days of the week, months of the year; phonetics/phonology work (ESC_CMS_02, ESC_CMS_04).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Elicitation session in pair], 2020-06.002.009, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2707ZRT.
    • Item number: 2020-06.002.024
    • Date: 05 Oct 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), Emily Cibelli (researcher), Christine Sheil (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 4 WAV, 4 TextGrid, and 3 TXT files.
      Annotated story text (esc_cms_02_story).
      Garifuna reflexives and reciprocals (esc_cms_03).
      Polar and content interrogatives (esc_cms_04).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Elicitation session in pairs], 2020-06.002.024, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X28S4N8X.
    • Item number: 2020-06.002.011
    • Date: 21 Sep 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), Chundra Cathcart (researcher), Elise Stickles (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 4 WAV, 4 TextGrid, and 4 TXT files.
      Elicitation of phonological processes (cac_01, cac_02).
      Garifuna basic transitives, some unaccusatives (ems_01, ems_02).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Elicitation session in pairs], 2020-06.002.011, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2ZG6QKN.
    • Item number: 2020-06.002.019
    • Date: 28 Sep 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), Emily Cibelli (researcher), Christine Sheil (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 3 WAV, 3 TextGrid, and 4 TXT files.
      Questions (esc_cms_01, esc_cms_03).
      Garifuna reflexives and reciprocals (esc_cms_02).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Elicitation session in pairs], 2020-06.002.019, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2XG9PGQ.
    • Item number: 2020-06.002.036
    • Date: 26 Oct 2011
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), I-Hsuan Chen (researcher), Shinae Kang (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 4 WAV, 2 LAB, 3 TextGrid, and 4 TXT files.
      Working on compementating in Garifuna (sak_ihc_01, sak_ihc_03).
      Garifuna comparatives (ihc_sak_02).
      Working on the text (ihc_sak_04).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Elicitation session in pairs], 2020-06.002.036, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2QR4VFB.
    • Item number: 2020-06.002.060
    • Date: 31 Jan 2012
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), I-Hsuan Chen (researcher), Elise Stickles (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 2 WAV, 1 TextGrid, and 1 TXT file.
      Complement clauses (ihc).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Elicitation session in pairs], 2020-06.002.060, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2MW2FGH.
    • Item number: 2020-06.002.063
    • Date: 07 Feb 2012
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), Emily Cibelli (researcher), Shinae Kang (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 5 WAV and 2 TXT files.
      Work on textbook chapter 1 (esc_sak_02).
      Work on the TRPS pile sorting task [This initial session was recorded in case it was necessary to review the instructions given to the consultant; however, there is no linguistic data from Garifuna on the recording (as the task is non-linguistic), and thus there are no associated annotation files.] (esc_sak_04).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Elicitation session in pairs], 2020-06.002.063, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X27M0680.
    • Item number: 2020-06.002.095
    • Date: 10 Apr 2012
    • Relations to this item: 2020-06.002.074 referenced by this Item
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), Eric Prendergast (researcher), Tammy Stark (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 3 WAV and 1 TXT file.
      Parsing of Black Jesus text (ehp_tes_01).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Elicitation session in pairs], 2020-06.002.095, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X23R0R6V.
    • Item number: 2020-06.002.077
    • Date: 06 Mar 2012
    • Contributors: Philip Tim Palacio (consultant), Chundra Cathcart (researcher), Christine Sheil (researcher)
    • Language: Garifuna (cab)
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Berkeley, CA
    • Description: 4 WAV, 2 TextGrid, and 4 TXT files.
      Elicitation of causatives (cac_cms_01, cac_cms_03).
      Verb forms and embedding (cac_cms_02, cac_cms_04).
    • Collection: Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: [Elicitation session in pairs], 2020-06.002.077, in "Berkeley Field Methods: Garifuna", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2F47MGB.