• Collection number: 2018-35
    • Primary contributors: Nokêrê Kajkwakhrattxi (consultant), Orengô Kajkwakhrattxi (consultant), Jérémie Beauchamp (researcher), Myriam Lapierre (researcher, donor)
    • Additional contributors: Mej Kajkwakhrattxi (consultant), Rowthyktxi Kajkwakhrattxi (consultant), Sakà Kajkwakhrattxi (consultant), Wêtàktxi Kajkwakhrattxi (consultant), Pàjnti Suyà (consultant)
    • Languages: Kajkwakhrattxi, Kĩsêdjê (suy)
    • Dates: 2018-
    • Historical information: Kajkwakhrattxi (also known as Tapayuna) is spoken today by approximately 150 individuals who live in the village of Kawêrêtxikô in the Capoto-Jarina Indigenous Land in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso. Kawêrêtxikô is the only ethnically Kajkwakhrattxi village, though most Kajkwakhrattxi are not native speakers of the language. Violent contact with the Kajkwakhrattxi by Brazilian farmers occurred in the 1950s and 1960s, when the Kajkwakhrattxi population dropped from between 400 and 1200 individuals to only 41 as a result of intentionally poisoned food gifts. The survivors of the attack were forced out of the land they had been occupying and were relocated into a Kĩsêdjê community in 1971. Although the Kĩsêdjê are a rather closely-related Jê group both in cultural and linguistic terms, the two nations perceive themselves as distinct.
      In 1988, a conflict opposing the two groups forced the Kajkwakhrattxi to seek refuge among the Kayapô, a more distantly related Jê group. This new cohabitation lasted until 2009, when the village of Kawêrêtxikô was founded (Lima 2012). Having lived forty years as a minority, the Kajkwakhrattxi now (as of August 2020) face serious and immediate threats to their culture and language, even though they can now live as an independent nation. The vast majority of the inhabitants of Kawêrêtxikô were born and grew up in a non-Kajkwakhrattxi community, so the language is no longer used for most daily interactions. There are now less than 20 elderly native speakers and no monolingual speakers (Beauchamp 2017). For these reasons, the need to document Kajkwakhrattxi is urgent.
    • Scope and content: Audio recordings of lexical, phonological, grammatical elicitation, and orthography workshop, usually with accompanying scanned original or typed field notes (per session). Includes collaborative research between Beauchamp and Lapierre from a first portion of 2018, followed by individual research by Beauchamp (Lapierre left Kawêrêtxikô on July 27, 2018); Beauchamp had visited Kawêrêtxikô on two prior field trips.
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: Nokêrê Kajkwakhrattxi, Orengô Kajkwakhrattxi, Jérémie Beauchamp, and Myriam Lapierre. Kajkwakhrattxi Field Materials, 2018-35, Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2RF5SH0.

1 - 13 of 13 results

    • Item number: 2018-35.008
    • Date: 08 Aug 2018 to 13 Aug 2018
    • Contributors: Nokêrê Kajkwakhrattxi (consultant), Jérémie Beauchamp (researcher)
    • Language: Kajkwakhrattxi
    • Availability: Online access
    • Place: Kawêrêtxikô, Terra Indígena Capoto-Jarina, Mato Grosso, Brazil
    • Description: Includes typed field notes.
      August 8: temporal expression, anaphor antecedents, possession
      August 9: temporal expression
      August 10: temporal expression, possession
      August 11: possession
      August 13: possession and antecedents
    • Collection: Kajkwakhrattxi Field Materials
    • Repository: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages
    • Preferred citation: Elicitation on temporal expression, anaphor antecedents, and possession, 2018-35.008, in "Kajkwakhrattxi Field Materials", Survey of California and Other Indian Languages, University of California, Berkeley, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.7297/X2QF8RB5.