Serrano

The Serrano language was traditionally spoken in the San Bernadino Mountains and the adjacent regions of the Mojave Desert. (Vanyume, a related language, was spoken to the north.) In pre-contact times, there were probably no more than 1500 speakers of Serrano (Kroeber 1925). Today, there is only one first-language speaker (Golla 2011).

Serrano is a member of the Takic branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family. Within Takic, it is most closely related to Cahuilla, Cupeño, and Luiseño, and more distantly to Gabrielino, Kitanemuk, Serrano, and Tataviam. The other Uto-Aztecan languages of California are Tubatulabal and the Numic languages (Chemehuevi-Southern Paiute-Ute, Comanche, Kawaiisu, Mono, Northern Paiute, Panamint, and Shoshone).

Selected archival materials at Berkeley

Further reading

  • Golla, Victor. 2011. California Indian languages. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Hill, Kenneth. 1967. A grammar of the Serrano language. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles.
  • Ramón, Dorothy and Eric Elliott. 2000. Wayta' yawa' (Always believe). Banning, CA: Malki Museum Press.

Links

We acknowledge with respect the Ohlone people on whose traditional, ancestral, and unceded land we work and whose historical relationships with that land continue to this day.