The Northeastern Pomo language was traditionally spoken along Stony Creek on the western edge of the Sacramento Valley. In pre-contact times, the Pomoan languages together probably had around 8000 speakers (Kroeber 1925). Today, there are no first-language speakers of Northeastern Pomo (Golla 2011).
Northeastern Pomo (also called "Salt Pomo") is one of seven languages comprising the Pomoan language family; the others are Central Pomo, Eastern Pomo, Kashaya, Northern Pomo, Southern Pomo, and Southeastern Pomo. Together, the Pomoan languages form one branch of the hypothesized Hokan language family, the other members of which are Chimariko, Esselen, Karuk, the Palaihnihan languages (Achumawi and Atsugewi), Salinan, the Shastan languages (Konomihu, New River Shasta, Okwanuchu, and Shasta), Washo, Yana, and the Yuman languages (Cocopa, Kiliwa, Kumeyaay, Maricopa, Mojave, Pai, Paipai, and Quechan).
Selected archival materials at Berkeley
- Barrett, S. A. 1908. The ethno-geography of the Pomo and neighboring Indians. University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 6:1-322. [PDF]
- Golla, Victor. 2011. California Indian languages. Berkeley: University of California Press.