Northern Yukian

The Northern Yukian language was traditionally spoken from the Coast Range bordering the Sacramento Valley to Fort Bragg on the coast. It has three distinct dialects: Yuki, spoken in the upper drainage of the Middle Fork of the Eel River; Huchnom, spoken on the lower Eel River; and Coast Yuki, spoken on the Pacific coast between Fort Bragg and Usal Creek. In pre-contact times, there were approximately 6880 speakers of Yuki, 2100 of Huchnom, and 750 of Coast Yuki (Cook 1956). Today, there are no first-language speakers (Golla 2011).

Map of the Yuki and Huchnom varieties of Northern Yukian
Map of the Yuki and Huchnom varieties of Northern Yukian (Martin A. Baumhoff. 1958. California Athabascan Groups. University of California Anthropological Records 16:157-237.)

Northern Yukian is a Yukian language; the other member of this family is Wappo.

Selected archival materials at Berkeley

Further reading

  • Balodis, Uldis. 2016. Yuki Grammar. University of California Press.
  • Foster, George. 1944. A summary of Yuki culture. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Golla, Victor. 2011. California Indian languages. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Sawyer, Jesse O. and Alice Schlichter. 1984. Yuki vocabulary. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Schlichter, Alice. 1978. English-Yuki vocabulary. M.A. thesis, University of California, Berkeley.
  • Schlichter, Alice. 1985. The Yukian language family. Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.

We acknowledge with respect the Ohlone people on whose traditional, ancestral, and unceded land we work and whose historical relationships with that land continue to this day.